It is important to understand basic principles of price action trading when using this as a trading strategy:
Support and resistance:
Support and resistance refer to price levels where the market tends to pause or reverse direction. Traders can identify these levels by looking for areas on the chart where the price has previously found support (meaning it has tended to bounce higher) or resistance (meaning it has tended to stall or reverse).
Traders can use price action to identify the overall trend in the market. This can be done by looking for higher highs and higher lows (in an uptrend), or lower lows and lower highs (in a downtrend).
Candlestick patterns are specific formations on a chart that can provide insight into the market’s sentiment and help traders identify potential trade setups. Some common candlestick patterns include the doji, hammer, and shooting star.
Breakouts occur when the price moves outside of a defined range, such as a trendline or a range formed by support and resistance levels. Breakouts can signal a change in market sentiment and may be used by traders as an entry or exit point for a trade.
False breaks occur when the price appears to break through a key level of support or resistance, but then quickly reverses direction. False breaks can be misleading and can result in traders entering trades in the wrong direction. Traders need to confirm breakouts before entering trades.
The market structure of a financial instrument can help traders anticipate potential price movements and make informed trading decisions.
Advantages of Price Action Trading
There are several advantages to using price action as a trading strategy:
Price action trading relies on analyzing the raw price data on a chart, rather than relying on indicators or other technical analysis tools. This makes it a relatively straightforward approach to trading.
Because price action trading is based on raw price data, it can be applied to any market and any time frame. This makes it a flexible and adaptable approach to trading.
By analyzing the raw price data, traders can gain insight into the underlying market forces and trends that are driving the price action. This can help them make more informed trading decisions.
Because price action traders focus on the raw price data, they can easily identify key levels of support and resistance. This can help them manage risk by setting stop-loss orders or taking profits at these levels.
Emphasis on discipline:
Price action trading requires discipline and patience, as traders must wait for high-probability trading setups to occur before entering the market. This can help traders avoid overtrading and impulsive decisions.
Disadvantages of Price Action Trading
There are also several disadvantages to using price action as a trading strategy:
No clear rules:
Because price action trading relies on interpreting the raw price data on a chart, there are no clear rules or formulas to follow. This can make it difficult for traders to know when to enter or exit a trade and can lead to subjectivity and inconsistency in their trading decisions.
Lack of predictability:
Because price action trading is based on analyzing past price data, it is difficult to predict future price movements with certainty. This can make it difficult for traders to consistently profit from their trades.
Limited use of technical indicators:
Price action traders typically rely on a limited number of technical indicators, or may not use them at all. This can make it difficult for traders to identify key levels of support and resistance, as well as trend direction.
Requires experience and skill:
Price action trading requires a deep understanding of market dynamics and the ability to interpret the raw price data on a chart. This can make it difficult for beginner traders to effectively use this strategy.
Analyzing the raw price data on a chart can be time-consuming, especially for traders who are looking to trade multiple markets or time frames. This can limit the number of trades that a trader can take, and may not be suitable for traders who are looking to make a large number of trades in a short period.